A Devotional Study on Psalm 119:11 by Jack Kettler
“Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee.” (Psalm 119:11 KJV)
Using the older King James Version, we have the use of “hid” in Psalm 119:11. What does this hiding mean? Does this contradict other passages in Scripture about not hiding our faith?
For example, the gospel of Matthew tells us not to hide our light under a bushel, which means not to mask, conceal, or bury our talents and gifts given by God.
“Neither do people light a lamp and put it under a basket. Instead, they set it on a lampstand, and it gives light to everyone in the house. In the same way, let your light shine before men, that they may see your good deeds and glorify your Father in heaven.” (Matthew 5:15-16 Berean Study Bible)
In Matthew, we see Jesus unequivocally telling believers not to hide their faith.
However, in Psalm 119:11, the hiding of God’s Word is a good thing. Lexical help will surely be profitable to understand this seeming ambiguity.
From Strong's Lexicon, we learn more about the Hebrew word צָפַ֣נְתִּי (hidden, hid) and its range of meaning:
I have hidden
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6845: 1) to hide, treasure, treasure or store up 1a) (Qal) 1a1) to hide, treasure, treasure up 1a2) to lie hidden, lurk 1b) (Niphal) to be hidden, be stored up 1c) (Hiphil) to hide, hide from discovery
The lexicon is helpful, allowing us to see that hiding can be storing up or to treasure up, is a good thing.
There is a wrong kind of hiding God’s Word, alluded to in Psalm 40:10:
“I have not hid thy righteousness within my heart…” (Psalm 40:10 KJV)
The Psalmist declares in the first part of Psalm 40:10 that he has not hidden God’s righteousness. Hiding God’s Word would be analogous to putting the light of the gospel under a basket or bushel.
In the Psalm 40:10 passage, the Psalmist states that he has not concealed or hid God’s Word.
As seen from these two passages from Psalms, there are two types of hiding, one good and one wrong. David did not conceal in his heart; God’s righteousness. He did not keep it to himself. On the contrary, he declared God’s righteousness.
The next parallel passages from the New Testament gives a full understanding of the Psalmist’s use of “hid” in Psalm 119:11 by comparison with a similar New Testament word:
“But Mary treasured (συνετήρει) up all these things and pondered them in her heart.” (Luke 2:19 NIV)
“But Mary kept (συνετήρει) all these things, and pondered them in her heart.” (Luke 2:19 (KJV)
From Strong’s Lexicon, we learn about the Greek word συνετήρει (treasured) and its similar range of meaning as the Hebrew צָפַ֣נְתִּי. (hidden). In fact, Psalm 119:11 is listed as a parallel passage to Luke 2:19:
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4933: From sun and tereo; to keep closely together, i.e. to conserve; mentally, to remember.
The second part of Psalm 40:10 is positive and reads: “I have declared thy faithfulness and thy salvation: I have not concealed thy lovingkindness and thy truth from the great congregation” (KJV)
Likewise, the second part of 119:11 reads: “that I might not sin against thee.” (Psalm 119:11 KJV)
Why did he hide it?
The hiding or treasuring up in 119:11 is for a moral or righteous purpose, namely, “that I might not sin against thee.” Storing God’s Word in the heart is a protection against the enticement to sin.
From Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible:
“Thy word have I hid in mine heart, Not only heard and read it, but received it into his affections; mixed it with faith, laid it up in his mind and memory for future use; preserved it in his heart as a choice treasure, where it might dwell richly, and be of service to him on many occasions; and particularly be of the following use:
that I might not sin against thee; the word of God is a most powerful antidote against sin, when it has a place in the heart; not only the precepts of it forbid sin, but the promises of it influence and engage to purity of heart and life, and to the perfecting of holiness in the fear of the Lord; and all the doctrines of grace in it effectually teach the saints to deny all sin and worldly lusts, and to live a holy life and conversation; see 2 Corinthians 7:1.” (1)
An Exposition of Psalm 119:11 from the Treasury of David by C. H. Spurgeon:
“Verse 11. When a godly man sues for a favour from God he should carefully use every means for obtaining it, and accordingly, as the Psalmist had asked to be preserved from wandering, he here shows us the holy precaution which he had taken to prevent his falling into sin.
Thy word have I hid in mine heart. His heart would be kept by the word because he kept the word in his heart. All that he had of the word written, and all that had been revealed to him by the voice of God, -- all, without exception, he had stored away in his affections, as a treasure to be preserved in a casket, or as a choice seed to be buried in a fruitful soil: what soil more fruitful than a renewed heart, wholly seeking the Lord? The word was God's own, and therefore precious to God's servant. He did not wear a text on his heart as a charm, but he hid it in his heart as a rule. He laid it up in the place of love and life, and it filled the chamber with sweetness and light. We must in this imitate David, copying his heart work as well as his outward character. First, we must mind that what we believe is truly God's word; that being done, we must hide or treasure it each man for himself; and we must see that this is done, not as a mere feat of the memory, but as the joyful act of the affections.
That I might not sin against thee. Here was the object aimed at. As one has well said, -- Here is the best thing -- "thy word"; hidden in the best place, -- "in my heart;" for the best of purposes, -- "that I might not sin against thee." This was done by the Psalmist with personal care, as a man carefully hides away his money when he fears thieves, -- in this case the thief dreaded was sin. Sinning "against God" is the believer's view of moral evil; other men care only when they offend against men. God's word is the best preventive against offending God, for it tells us his mind and will, and tends to bring our spirit into conformity with the divine Spirit. No cure for sin in the life is equal to the word in the seat of life, which is the heart. There is no hiding from sin unless we hide the truth in our souls.
A very pleasant variety of meaning is obtained by laying stress upon the words "thy" and "thee." He speaks to God, he loves the word because it is God's word, and he hates sin because it is sin against God himself. If he vexed others, he minded not so long as he did not offend his God. If we would not cause God displeasure we must treasure up his own word.
The personal way in which the man of God did this is also noteworthy: "With my whole heart have I sought thee." Whatever others might choose to do he had already made his choice and placed the Word in his innermost soul as his dearest delight, and however others might transgress, his aim was after holiness: "That I might not sin against thee." This was not what he purposed to do, but what he had already done: many are great at promising, but the Psalmist had been true in performing: hence he hoped to see a sure result. When the word is hidden in the heart the life shall be hidden from sin.
The parallelism between the second octave and the first is still continued. Psalms 119:3 speaks of doing no iniquity, while this verse treats of the method of not sinning. When we form an idea of a blessedly holy man ( Psalms 119:3 ) it becomes us to make an earnest effort to attain unto the same sacred innocence and divine happiness, and this can only be through heart piety founded on the Scriptures.
EXPLANATORY NOTES AND QUAINT SAYINGS
Verse 11. Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee. There laid up in the heart the word has effect. When young men only read the letter of the Book, the word of promise and instruction is deprived of much of its power. Neither will the laying of it up in the mere memory avail. The word must be known and prized, and laid up in the heart; it must occupy the affection as well as the understanding; the whole mind requires to be impregnated with the word of God. Revealed things require to be seen. Then the word of God in the heart -- the threatenings, the promises, the excellencies of God's word -- and God himself realized, the young man would be inwardly fortified; the understanding enlightened, conscience quickened -- he would not sin against his God. John Stephen.
Verse 11. Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee. In proportion as the word of the King is present in the heart, "there is power" against sin (Ec 8:4). Let us use this means of absolute power more, and more life and more holiness will be ours. Frances Ridley Havergal, 1836-1879.
Verse 11. Thy word have I hid in mine heart. It is fit that the word, being "more precious than gold, yea, than much fine gold," a peerless pearl, should not be laid up in the porter's lodge only -- the outward ear; but even in the cabinet of the mind. Dean Boys, quoted by James Ford.
Verse 11. Thy word have I hid in mine heart. There is great difference between Christians and worldlings. The worldling hath his treasures in jewels without him; the Christian hath them within. Neither indeed is there any receptacle wherein to receive and keep the word of consolation but the heart only. If thou have it in thy mouth only, it shall be taken from thee; if thou have it in thy book only, Thou shalt miss it when thou hast most to do with it; but if thou lay it up in thy heart, as Mary did the words of the angel, no enemy shall ever be able to take it from thee, and thou shalt find it's comfortable treasure in time of thy need. William Cowper.
Verse 11. Thy word have I hid in mine heart. This saying, to hide, imports that David studied not to be ambitious to set forth himself and to make a glorious show before men; but that he had God for a witness of that secret desire which was within him. He never looked to worldly creatures; but being content that he had so great a treasure, he knew full well that God who had given it him would so surely and safely guard it, as that it should not be laid open to Satan to be taken away. Saint Paul also declareth unto us (1Ti 1:19) that the chest wherein this treasure must be hid is a good conscience. For it is said, that many being void of this good conscience have lost also their faith, and have been robbed thereof. As if a man should forsake his goods and put them in hazard, without shutting a door, it were an easy matter for thieves to come in and to rob and spoil him of all; even so, if we leave at random to Satan the treasures which God hath given us in his word, without it be hidden in this good conscience, and in the very bottom of, our heart as David here speaketh, we shall be spoiled thereof. John Calvin.
Verse 11. Thy word have I hid in mine heart. -- Remembered, approved, delighted in it. William Nicholson on (1671), in "David's Harp Strung and Tuned."
Verse 11. Thy word. The saying, thy oracle; any communication from God to the soul, whether promise, or command, or answer. It means a direct and distinct message, while "word" is more general, and applies to the whole revelation. This is the ninth of the ten words referring to the revelation of God in this Psalm. James G. Murphy, 1875.
Verse 11. In my heart. Bernard observes, bodily bread in the cupboard may he eaten of mice, or moulder and waste: but when it is taken down into the body, it is free from such danger. If God enable thee to take thy soul food into thine heart, it is free from all hazards. George Swinnock, 1627-1673.
Verse 11. That I might not sin against thee. Among many excellent virtues of the word of God, this is one: that if we keep it in our heart, it keeps us from sin, which is against God and against ourselves. We may mark it by experience, that the word is first stolen either out of the mind of man, and the remembrance of it is away; or at least out of the affection of man; so that the reverence of it is gone, before that a man can be drawn to the committing of a sin. So long as Eve kept by faith the word of the Lord, she resisted Satan; but from the time she doubted of that, which God made most certain by his word, at once she was snared. William Cowper.
HINTS FOR PASTORS AND LAYPERSONS
Verse 11. -- The best thing, in the best place, for the best of purposes.” (2)
“The Bane and Antidote of Souls
I. THE BANE of souls. What is the bane? Sin. A little word, but a terrible thing. The Bible represents it as a slavery, a disease a pollution, a poison, etc. It is loathsome to the Creator; it is the curse of the creature. This is the bane.
II. The ANTIDOTE of souls. God's Word contains the power, and the only power, to destroy sin. (Homilist.)” (3)
- John Gill, Exposition of the Old and New Testaments, Psalms, (Grace Works, Multi-Media Labs, 2011), p. 1375.
- C. H. Spurgeon, The Treasury of David, Vol. II, (Nashville, Tennessee, Thomas Nelson), p. 165-166.
- David Thomas, The Homilist; or, The pulpit for the people, (England, Wentworth Press), p. 383.
“To God, only wise, be glory through Jesus Christ forever. Amen.” (Romans 16:27) and “heirs according to the promise.” (Galatians 3:28, 29)
Mr. Kettler has previously published articles in the Chalcedon Report and Contra Mundum. He and his wife Marea attend the Westminster, CO, RPCNA Church. Mr. Kettler is the author of the book defending the Reformed Faith against attacks, titled: The Religion That Started in a Hat. Available at: http://www.TheReligionThatStartedInAHat.com